Newsletter JAVMA Tuesday 2013 : Page 1
TUESDAY Students, history buffs plumb profession’s past resolved to form a national vet-erinary association, resulting in a fateful meeting June 9 and 10, 1863, at the Astor House in New York City. (The USVMA became the AVMA in 1898.) Dr. Erickson said the associa-tion grew very slowly during its ﬁrst 30 to 40 years, gaining few members annually, expelling some or removing them from the ros-ter for nonpayment of dues. The Keystone Veterinary Association in Pennsylvania (1882) and the Missouri Valley Veterinary Asso-ciation (1894) were actually larger than the USVMA and AVMA for many years. Another presentation, “What Veterinarians Did: Proven in Postcards,” by C. Trenton Boyd, librarian curator of medical and veterinary historical collections at the University of Missouri, delved into everyday depictions of veteri-narians at work around the turn of the 20th century. Boyd has the largest collec-tion of veterinary medicine–relat-ed postcards with approximately 8,000. About 300 of his postcards feature U.S. veterinary clinics, which most often didn’t appear to be much more than shacks. (One featured not only an arena and clinic, but also an ice skating rink.) There are also many postcards that show mobile veterinary clinics with hand-crank centrifuges and horse-drawn ambulances. The timeframe when post-cards were popular happened to coincide with the transition from horses to cars for transportation, and thus, the accompanying para-digm shift in veterinary medicine. A Model T and a horse could be seen in one postcard depicting a veterinary practice. Also back then, practitioners typically adver-AVMA Annual Convention Daily News Early (pre-1907) Dog & Cat Ambulance from Philadelphia, operated by Dr. J.J. Mamer, “the P.T. Barnum of the veterinary world.” The postcard also shows he was running a kennel, and is one of the earliest documentations of such. (Courtesy of C. Trenton Boyd) Two veterinarians wait for cowboys to cast a horse. The postcard is from Nebraska and was taken circa 1908-1911. (Courtesy of C. Trenton Boyd) By Malinda Larkin and Susan C. Kahler The American Veterinary Medical History Society on Sun-day hosted the full-day Smithcors History of Veterinary Medicine Symposium featuring 11 sessions on the history of everything from presidential pets to the pasteuriza-tion of milk. The previous day, ten veteri-nary students who won a national contest sponsored by the AVMA presented their history perspec-tives at the daylong symposium, “Understanding Our Past to Trans-form Our Future.” Each student received a scholarship from the American Veterinary Medical Foundation. Smithcors symposium In honor of the AVMA’s 150th anniversary, Dr. Howard Erickson, emeritus professor of physiology and the history of veterinary medi-cine at Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine, gave a talk titled “The History of the AVMA: A Slow, Shaky Begin-ning.” Dr. Erickson related that the ﬁrst veterinary associations in the U.S. were the Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture (1805) and the American Veterinary Asso-ciation (1854). Both were founded in Philadelphia, which was the medical capital of the colonies. The AVA was established by Dr. Robert Jennings, who was an early pioneer of veterinary education as well. He started potentially the ﬁrst veterinary school in the U.S. with the Veterinary College of Philadelphia, which was chartered in 1852; however, few students applied and fewer graduated. The AVA eventually morphed into the USVMA when Dr. Jennings and other Philadelphia veterinarians tised themselves as veterinarians and dentists. Then again, not much has changed in some aspects of prac-tice. Boyd showed a reminder card from a clinic in San Antonio in 1931 that told clients to bring in their dog to get preventive treat-ment for hydrophobia (rabies). And then there are the postcard advertisements, which comprise the largest category of his collec-tion. Boyd has everything from a postcard featuring “Dr. Salsbury’s Fowl Pox Vaccine” to one for a “one-spot ﬂea killer” in 1940 that also had a ruler on it to ensure that clients kept it. Student symposium Cornell’s Shira Rubin began her history of feline medicine in America with the horse, the most valuable animal at the turn of the century. The advent of cars forced the veterinary profession to rei-magine its focus, she said. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert’s treat-ment of their pets as family mem-bers and the rise of the animal protection and antivivisection movements contributed to the new view of animals having emotional value. The shift was to dogs, be-cause they also had functional value. Cats were seen as mousers or nuisance animals, but the inven-tion of clay litter was compared with the invention of the light bulb by Dr. Jean Holzworth, one of the champions for the therapeu-tic value of cats and their health and welfare. “We still have a very dog-centered curriculum,” Rubin said. She also urged veterinarians to encourage clients to ﬁnd ways their cats can go outdoors without harming wildlife, such as teaching them to be walked on a leash. Wisconsin student Cynthia Wise picked the brains of dairy cattle veterinarians about how they balance welfare and production. She asked them about Dr. Stan-ley Curtis’s performance axiom Continued on page 2 WIN A $30 , 000 CLINIC MAKEOVER . It’s just one of 100 great prizes your clinic can win in the Purina Veterinary Diets ® Win It For Your Clinic Makeover Sweepstakes. Learn more at the Purina booth #1428 or contact your Purina Veterinary Consultan t.
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